The CLEO Plenary Sessions
Nader Engheta, University of Pennsylvania, USA
Materials are often used to control and manipulate photons. Metamaterials and metasurfaces are two representative classes of judiciously designed structures that provide unprecedented platforms for sculpting waves and fields. Their extreme properties lead to novel opportunities in photonics. Light-matter interaction in metastructures exhibits unusual functionalities with numerous exciting features and potential applications.
Biography: Nader Engheta is the H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his PhD from Caltech. His current research activities span various areas of nanophotonics, metamaterials, nano-optics, electrodynamics, graphene optics, optical circuits, imaging and sensing inspired by eyes of animal species, and physics and engineering of light-matter interaction. His most recent awards include William Streifer Scientific Achievement Award, SPIE Gold Medal, Fellow of US National Academy of Inventors, Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellow Award, IEEE Electromagnetics Award, and URSI Balthasar van der Pol Gold Medal. He is a Fellow of OSA, APS, MRS, SPIE, IEEE, URSI, and AAAS.
H. Jeff Kimble, California Institute of Technology, USA
Quantum Optics. What's Next?
Quantum Optics is a multidisciplinary field that spans from fundamental physics to quantum information science and that includes applications in computation, communication and metrology. In the coming decade, the influence of Quantum Optics will continue to expand into new areas of fundamental science, as well as being central to an emerging revolution in quantum technologies.
H. Jeff Kimble is the William L. Valentine Professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology, and founding Director of the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter. He completed his doctoral degree in 1977 at the University of Rochester in the group of Professor Leonard Mandel, and then spent two years as a staff scientist at the General Motors Research Laboratories. In 1979, he joined the faculty at the University of Texas at Austin, where he held the Sid Richardson Regents' Chair of Physics before moving to Caltech in 1989. Professor Kimble is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, and the Optical Society, and is a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences. The general areas of his research are quantum information science and the quantum dynamics of open systems, including quantum measurement, cavity quantum electrodynamics, the integration of cold atoms and nano-photonics, and the realization of quantum networks.
Vasilis Ntziachristos, Technical University of Munich, Germany
Listening to Light: Advances in Optoacoustic Imaging
Optical imaging is unequivocally the most versatile and widely used visualization modality in the life sciences. Yet it has been significantly limited by photon scattering, which complicates imaging beyond a few hundred microns. Progress with fast tunable lasers, spectral techniques and advanced instrumentation have allowed the development of multi-spectral opto-acoustic tomography (MSOT) for clinical use, offering unprecedented optical imaging performance and assessment of disease pathophysiology. The talk illuminates progress with optoacoustic macroscopy and mesoscopy and its implication toward clinical impact.
Vasilis Ntziachristos is Professor of Medicine, Professor of Electrical Engineering and Director of the Chair for Biological Imaging (CBI) at the Technical University of Munich, Director of the Institute for Biological and Medical Imaging (IBMI) at the Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen and Director of Bioengineering at the Helmholtz Pioneering Campus. He has received the Diploma in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece and the MSc and PhD degrees in Bioengineering from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Prior to his current appointment he served as faculty at Harvard University and the Massachusetts General Hospital.
Sara Seager, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Mapping the Nearest Stars for Habitable Worlds
For thousands of years people have wondered, “Are there planets like Earth?”; “Are such planets common?”; and “Do any have signs of life?” Today, astronomers are poised to answer these ancient questions, having recently found thousands of planets that orbit nearby Sun-like stars, called “exoplanets”. The presentation will share the latest advances in this revolutionary field and work to answer the question, "Are we alone?" Or put another way, where are the neighbors, and how far away are they? In a few decades of research in opto-electronics and spectroscopy, we could know an answer.
Sara Seager is a planetary scientist and astrophysicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. She has pioneered many research areas in the characterization of exoplanets. Her present research focus is on the search for life by way of exoplanet atmospheric “biosignature” gases. She works on space missions for exoplanets including as: the PI of the CubeSat ASTERIA; the Deputy Science Director of the MIT-led NASA Explorer-class mission TESS; and as a lead of the Starshade Rendezvous Mission (a space-based direct imaging exoplanet discovery concept under technology development) to find a true Earth analog orbiting a Sun-like star. Among other accolades, she was elected to the US National Academy of Sciences in 2015 and is a 2013 MacArthur Fellow.
International Day of Light Presentation
John C. Mather, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, USA
Exploring the Universe at the Speed of Light
Astronomers travel the universe with imagination and observation, and most of the information arrives as light waves, showing the distant universe as it was when the light was sent out. We can now see at wavelengths ranging from over 10 meters to less than a picometer, limited only by our ingenuity and the opacity of our environment. We are beginning to learn the story of our own origins, from the expanding early universe, to the formation of galaxies, stars, and black holes, to the stellar nuclear processes producing the heavy elements of life, to the formation of planets. That history is full of catastrophic events, apparently necessary for our own existence. I will show some of the future discoveries we hope to see through NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), discuss the expanding views of the universe, and outline the technology that will lead us to deeper understanding.
John C. Mather is a Senior Astrophysicist in the Observational Cosmology Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). His research centers on infrared astronomy and cosmology. As an NRC postdoctoral fellow at the Goddard Institute for Space Studies, he led the proposal efforts for the Cosmic Background Explorer (74-76), and came to GSFC to be the Study Scientist (76-88), Project Scientist (88-98) and also the Principal Investigator for the Far IR Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS) on COBE. He showed that the cosmic microwave background radiation has a blackbody spectrum within 50 ppm. As Senior Project Scientist (95-present) for the James Webb Space Telescope, he leads the science team, and represents scientific interests within the project management. He has received many awards including the Nobel Prize in Physics, 2006, for his precise measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation using the COBE satellite.